Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum) ★★

The ancient Roman theater of Fiesole, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Florence, Italy (Photo by Szilas)
The ancient Roman theater of Fiesole

The complex includes a 4C BC temple, a 1C BC theater (which hosts summertime concerts under the stars), a few arches remaining from some AD 1C baths, and a small museum

If you're in the Florence area during the summertime Estate Fiesolana music concerts, by all means try to get a ticket for a night of music under the stars in this 1C BC Roman Theater. The cavea, of which the right half is original and the left rebuilt in the 19C when this area was first excavated, seats 3,000. This archaeological area is romantically overgrown with grasses, amid which sit sections of column, broken friezes, and other remnants of architectural elements. A grove of olive trees grows in the center.

Beyond the theater to the right, recognizable by its three rebuilt arches, are the remains of the AD 1C baths. Near the arches is a little cement balcony over the far edge of the archaeological park. From it, you get a good look at the best stretch that remains of the 4C BC Etruscan city walls.

At the other end of the park from the baths are the floor and steps of a 1C BC Roman Temple built on top of a 4C BC Etruscan one.

To the left are some oblong Lombard tombs from the AD 7C when this was a Gothic necropolis.

Among the collections in the Museum, recently reopened after a prolonged rearrangement, are the bronze "she-wolf," a fragment of the back of what was probably a statue of a lion, lots of Etruscan urns and Roman architectural fragments, and Bronze Age remains found atop the hill now occupied by San Francesco.

The Constantini collection of beautiful Greek vases includes significant works from Greek colonies in Apulia that span the 8C BC to 4C BC, as well as many red- and black-figure vases and amphorae, 7C BC Corinthian vases, and some black Bucchero ware.

Photo gallery
  • The ancient Roman theater of Fiesole, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Szilas)
  • The thermae (baths) complex, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • An ancient plate painted with sea animals, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • Roman warrior, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • The Costantini collection of ancient vases, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Szilas)
  • The Fiesole Wolf, c. 1C BC, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • Etrusco-Roman temple, first built around the late 4th century BC, destroyed by fire in the 1st century BC and rebuilt by the Romans under Augustus, Roman Faesulae, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Carole Raddato)
  • The Museo Archeologico di Feisole, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • The interior of the Archaeological Museum, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Szilas)
  • Torso of Aphrodite Pudica, Roman copy of a 3C BC Greek original, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • A Messapian trozella from southern Apulia (the Messapians are a Iapygian tribe from the Salento region), Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • Etruscan alabaster cinerary urns from Volterra from the late 2C/early 1C BC (the unrelated covers are from the 1C BC), Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • Bust of Vibia Sabina, Hadrian
  • Imperial Roman women had quite the hairstyles, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Rufus46)
  • Etruscan Stele from the 7C or 6C BC, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Rufus46)
  • Bucchero ware from the Costantini Collection, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Szilas)
  • Lombard ampulla, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • Lombard-era tomb, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Sailko)
  • View over the archaeological area, Teatro Romano (Roman Theater & Archaeological Museum), Italy (Photo by Szilas)
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Useful Italian phrases

Useful Italian for sightseeing

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
Where is?... Dov'é doh-VAY
...the museum il museo eel moo-ZAY-yo
...the church la chiesa lah key-YAY-zah
...the cathedral il duomo [or] la cattedrale eel DUO-mo [or] lah cah-the-DRAH-leh
     
When is it open? Quando é aperto? KWAN-doh ay ah-PAIR-toh
When does it close? Quando si chiude? KWAN-doh see key-YOU-day
Closed day giorno di riposo JOR-no dee ree-PO-zo
Weekdays (Mon-Sat) feriali fair-ee-YA-lee
Sunday & holidays festivi fe-STEE-vee
     
ticket biglietto beel-YET-toh
two adults due adulti DOO-way ah-DOOL-tee
one child un bambino oon bahm-BEE-no
one student uno studente OO-noh stu-DENT-ay
one senior un pensionato oon pen-see-yo-NAH-toh

Basic phrases in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) pro-nun-see-YAY-shun
thank you grazie GRAT-tzee-yay
please per favore pair fa-VOHR-ray
yes si see
no no no
Do you speak English? Parla Inglese? PAR-la een-GLAY-zay
I don't understand Non capisco non ka-PEESK-koh
I'm sorry Mi dispiace mee dees-pee-YAT-chay
How much is it? Quanto costa? KWAN-toh COST-ah
That's too much É troppo ay TROH-po
     
Good day Buon giorno bwohn JOUR-noh
Good evening Buona sera BWOH-nah SAIR-rah
Good night Buona notte BWOH-nah NOTE-tay
Goodbye Arrivederci ah-ree-vah-DAIR-chee
Excuse me (to get attention) Scusi SKOO-zee
Excuse me (to get past someone) Permesso pair-MEH-so
     
Where is? Dov'é doh-VAY
...the bathroom il bagno eel BHAN-yoh
...train station la ferroviaria lah fair-o-vee-YAR-ree-yah
to the right à destra ah DEH-strah
to the left à sinistra ah see-NEEST-trah
straight ahead avanti [or] diritto ah-VAHN-tee [or] dee-REE-toh
information informazione in-for-ma-tzee-OH-nay

Days, months, and other calendar items in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
When is it open? Quando é aperto? KWAN-doh ay ah-PAIR-toh
When does it close? Quando si chiude? KWAN-doh see key-YOU-day
At what time... a che ora a kay O-rah
     
Yesterday ieri ee-YAIR-ee
Today oggi OH-jee
Tomorrow domani doh-MAHN-nee
Day after tomorrow dopo domani DOH-poh doh-MAHN-nee
     
a day un giorno oon je-YOR-no
Monday Lunedí loo-nay-DEE
Tuesday Martedí mar-tay-DEE
Wednesday Mercoledí mair-coh-lay-DEE
Thursday Giovedí jo-vay-DEE
Friday Venerdí ven-nair-DEE
Saturday Sabato SAH-baa-toh
Sunday Domenica doh-MEN-nee-ka
     
Mon-Sat Feriali fair-ee-YAHL-ee
Sun & holidays Festivi feh-STEE-vee
Daily Giornaliere joor-nahl-ee-YAIR-eh
     
a month una mese oon-ah MAY-zay
January gennaio jen-NAI-yo
February febbraio feh-BRI-yo
March marzo MAR-tzoh
April aprile ah-PREEL-ay
May maggio MAH-jee-oh
June giugno JEW-nyoh
July luglio LOO-lyoh
August agosto ah-GO-sto
September settembre set-TEM-bray
October ottobre oh-TOE-bray
November novembre no-VEM-bray
December dicembre de-CHEM-bray

Numbers in Italian

English (inglese) Italian (italiano) Pro-nun-cee-YAY-shun
1 uno OO-no
2 due DOO-way
3 tre tray
4 quattro KWAH-troh
5 cinque CHEEN-kway
6 sei say
7 sette SET-tay
8 otto OH-toh
9 nove NO-vay
10 dieci dee-YAY-chee
11 undici OON-dee-chee
12 dodici DOH-dee-chee
13 tredici TRAY-dee-chee
14 quattordici kwa-TOR-dee-chee
15 quindici KWEEN-dee-chee
16 sedici SAY-dee-chee
17 diciasette dee-chee-ya-SET-tay
18 diciotto dee-CHO-toh
19 diciannove dee-chee-ya-NO-vay
20 venti VENT-tee
21* vent'uno* vent-OO-no
22* venti due* VENT-tee DOO-way
23* venti tre* VENT-tee TRAY
30 trenta TRAYN-tah
40 quaranta kwa-RAHN-tah
50 cinquanta cheen-KWAN-tah
60 sessanta say-SAHN-tah
70 settanta seh-TAHN-tah
80 ottanta oh-TAHN-tah
90 novanta no-VAHN-tah
100 cento CHEN-toh
1,000 mille MEEL-lay
5,000 cinque milla CHEEN-kway MEEL-lah
10,000 dieci milla dee-YAY-chee MEEL-lah


* You can use this formula for all Italian ten-place numbers—so 31 is trent'uno, 32 is trenta due, 33 is trenta tre, etc. Note that—like uno (one), otto (eight) also starts with a vowel—all "-8" numbers are also abbreviated (vent'otto, trent'otto, etc.).