From ancient Romans, Greeks, and Etruscans to the Renaissance to World War II, a brief primer on Italian history

Cave paintings in Lascaux, dating back about 17,000 years

From prehistory to "Greater Greece"

 
Cave paintings in Lascaux, dating back about 17,000 years

The first great Italian empire was not based in Rome, but in Tuscany

 
Forum Romanum, Roman Architecture, from History of Architecture (Fletcher) pg 127

The beginnings of the Republic of Rome

 
Celtic gold-plated bronze disc from Auvers-sur-Oise, Val-d'Oise, dated to early 4th century BC; on display at the Cabinet des Médailles of the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris

Julius Caesar and the rise of the Roman Empire

 
Milan Cathedral, Italian Gothic, from History of Architecture (Fletcher), pg 602

Medieval Italy languished and diminished after the fall of Rome

 

Italy becomes the center of Western Culture again

 

Foreign empires take over much of Italy in the 17C and 18C

 
The Neoclassical Altare della Patria, a monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, in Rome

The Risorgimento and forging of a new, united Italy

 

The new nation of Italy and World War I

 
 

Related

A brief history of Florence and Tuscany, from prehistoric times to the 21C